The Effect of Newly Developed OPLS-AA Alanyl Radical Parameters on Peptide Secondary Structure

TitleThe Effect of Newly Developed OPLS-AA Alanyl Radical Parameters on Peptide Secondary Structure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsOwen MC, Toth L, Jojart B, Komaromi I, Csizmadia IG, Viskolcz B
JournalJournal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Date PublishedAUG

Recent studies using ab initio calculations have-shown that C-alpha-centered radical formation by H-abstraction from the backbone of peptide residues has dramatic effects on peptide structure and have suggested that this reaction may contribute to the protein misfolding observed in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. To enable the effects of C-alpha-centered radicals to be studied in longer peptides and proteins over longer time intervals, force-field parameters for the C-alpha-centered Ala radical were developed for use with the OPLS force field by minimizing the sum of squares deviation between the quantum chemical and OPLS-AA energy hypersurfaces. These parameters were used to determine the effect of the C-alpha-centered Ala radical on the structure of a hepta-alanyl peptide in molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A negligible sum-of-squares energy deviation was observed in the stretching parameters, and the newly developed OPLS-AA torsional parameters showed a good agreement with the LMP2/cc-pVTZ(-f) hypersurface. The parametrization also demonstrated that derived force-field bond length and bond angle parameters can deviate from the quantum chemical equilibrium values, and that the improper torsional parameters should be developed explicitly with respect to the coupled torsional parameters. The MD simulations showed planar conformations of the C-alpha-containing residue (Alr) are preferred and these conformations increase the formation of gamma-, alpha-, and pi-turn structures depending on the position in the turn occupied by the Alr residue. Higher-ordered structures are destabilized by Alr except when this residue occupies position ``i + 1{''} of the 3(10)-helix. These results offer new insight into the protein-misfolding mechanisms initiated by H-abstraction from the C-alpha of peptide and protein residues.